What's Involved in Career Choice[1]

 

A pyramid can be used to show what's involved in making a career choice (see Figure 1):

 

Knowing About Myself, such as

My values
Example: security

My interests
Example: working with people

My skills
Example: using a computer to plan a budget

 

Knowing About My Options

Understanding specific occupations, programs of study, and jobs

Examples:
What are typical work tasks for a real estate appraiser?
How much math is required for a major in Finance?

What is the average starting salary for a retail salesperson?

What type of training is required to be a physical therapist?

Understanding how occupations and programs of study can be organized

Example:

Realistic

Investigative

Artistic

Social

Enterprising

Conventional

Understanding how job settings can be organized

Example:

Business/Industry

Government

Education

Non-Profit

Professions

Private Enterprise

 

Knowing How I Make Decisions

How do I usually make important decisions?

 

Thinking About My Decision Making

Self-talk
Example: "I'll never be able to make a good career choice."

Self-awareness
Example: "I'm getting very scared about this."

Being aware of and controlling my self-talk
Example: "I can't really predict the future and imagining failure is not going to help me find a good job."


 

 

 

 

Figure 1

 

What's Involved in Career Choice

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Reprinted from The Career Development Quarterly, 41, 1992, p. 70, copyrighted NCDA. Reprinted with permission of the National Career Development Association. Used with permission.


A Guide to Good Decision Making[2]

 

A cycle can be used to show the steps in making a career choice (see Figure 2):

 

Knowing I Need to Make a Choice

Events - things that happen to me
"I need to choose a program of study by next semester."

Comments from my friends and relatives
"My roommate said that I'll have problems if I don't make a decision soon."

The way I feel
"I'm scared about committing myself."

Avoiding my problems
"I'll get started next week."

Physical problems
"I'm so upset about this, I can't eat."

 

Understanding Myself and My Options

Understanding myself, such as

My values

My interests

My skills

Understanding occupations, programs of study, or jobs

Understanding specific occupations, programs of study, or jobs

Understanding how occupations, programs of study, or jobs are organized

Understanding how I make important decisions

Understanding how I think about my decisions

Self-talk

Self-awareness

Being aware of and controlling my self-talk

 

Expanding and Narrowing My List of Occupations, Programs of Study, or Jobs

Identify occupations, programs of study, or jobs that fit my values, interests, and skills

Pick the 3 to 5 best occupations, programs of study, or jobs using what I learned from "Understanding Myself and My Options"

 

Choosing an Occupation, Program of Study, or Job

Costs and benefits of each occupation, program of study, or job to:
myself?
my family?
my cultural group
my community or society?

Rank occupations, programs of study, or jobs

Make a choice

Make back-up choice(s) in case I have a problem with my first choice

 

Implementing My Choice

Plan - Make a plan for getting education or training

Try Out - Get work experience (full time, part-time, volunteer) and take courses or get training to test my choice

Apply - Apply for and get a job

 

Knowing I Made a Good Choice

Have events changed?

How did my friends and relatives react to my choice?

How do I feel now?

Am I avoiding doing what needs to be done?

 

 

 

 


 

 


Figure 2

A Guide To Good Decision Making

 

Reprinted from The Career Development Quarterly, 41, 1992, p. 70, copyrighted NCDA. Reprinted with permission of the National Career Development Association. Used with permission.

 

 



[1] Adapted from: Sampson, J. P., Jr., Peterson, G. W., Lenz, J. G., & Reardon, R. C. (1992). A cognitive approach to career services: Translating concepts into practice. Career Development Quarterly, 41, 67-74. Used with permission

[2] Adapted from: Sampson, J. P., Jr., Peterson, G. W., Lenz, J. G., & Reardon, R. C. (1992). A cognitive approach to career services: Translating concepts into practice. Career Development Quarterly, 41, 67-74. Used with permission.